Question:

Explain the use of Virtual Keyword in C# ?

Answer:

When we want to give permission to a derived class to override a method in base class, Virtual keyword is used. For example. lets us look at the classes Car and Ford as shown below.

class Car
{
 public Car()
 {
  Console.WriteLine("Base Class Car");
 }
 public virtual void DriveType()
 {
  Console.WriteLine("Right Hand Drive");
 }
}

class Ford : Car
{
 public Ford()
 {
  Console.WriteLine("Derived Class Ford");
 }
 public void Price()
 {
  Console.WriteLine("Ford Price : 100K $");
 }
 public override void DriveType()
 {
  Console.WriteLine("Right Hand ");
 }
}

When following lines of code get executed 

Car CarFord = new Car();
CarFord.DriveType();
CarFord = new Ford();
CarFord.DriveType();

Output is as given below.

Base Class Car
Right Hand Drive
Base Class Car
Derived Class Ford
Right Hand

Keywords:

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