Question:

How do you use a pointer to a function?

Answer:

The hardest part about using a pointer-to-function is declaring it. Consider an example. You want to create a pointer, pf, that points to the strcmp() function. The strcmp() function is declared in this way:

int strcmp( const char *, const char * )

To set up pf to point to the strcmp() function, you want a declaration that looks just like the strcmp()function's declaration, but that has *pf rather than strcmp:

int (*pf)( const char *, const char * );

Notice that you need to put parentheses around *pf. If you don't include parentheses, as in

int *pf( const char *, const char * ); /* wrong */

you'll get the same thing as this:

(int *) pf( const char *, const char * ); /* wrong */

That is, you'll have a declaration of a function that returns int*.

After you've gotten the declaration of pf, you can #include <string.h> and assign the address of strcmp() to pf:

pf = strcmp;

or

pf = & strcmp; /* redundant & */

You don't need to go indirect on pf to call it:

if ( pf( str1, str2 ) > 0 ) /* ... */


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