What do you mean by pure virtual functions in C++? Give an example?


Pure virtual function is a function which doesn't have an implementation and the same needs to be implemented by the the next immediate non-abstract class. (A class will become an abstract class if there is at-least a single pure virtual function and thus pure virtual functions are used to create interfaces in c++).

How to create a pure virtual function?
A function is made as pure virtual function by the using a specific signature, " = 0" appended to the function declaration as given below,

class SymmetricShape {
        // draw() is a pure virtual function.
        virtual void draw() = 0;



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