When is a void pointer used?


void pointer is used for working with raw memory or for passing a pointer to an unspecified type.

Some C code operates on raw memory. When C was first invented, character pointers (char *) were used for that. Then people started getting confused about when a character pointer was a string, when it was a character array, and when it was raw memory.

For example, strcpy() is used to copy data from one string to another, and strncpy() is used to copy at most a certain length string to another:

char *strcpy( char *str1, const char *str2 );

char *strncpy( char *str1, const char *str2, size_t n );

memcpy() is used to move data from one location to another:

void *memcpy( void *addr1, void *addr2, size_t n );

void pointers are used to mean that this is raw memory being copied. NUL characters (zero bytes) aren't significant, and just about anything can be copied. Consider the following code:

#include "thingie.h"    /* defines struct thingie */
struct thingie  *p_src, *p_dest;
/* ... */
memcpy( p_dest, p_src, sizeof( struct thingie) * numThingies );

This program is manipulating some sort of object stored in a struct thingie. p1 and p2 point to arrays, or parts of arrays, of struct thingies. The program wants to copy numThingies of these, starting at the one pointed to by p_src, to the part of the array beginning at the element pointed to by p_destmemcpy() treatsp_src and p_dest as pointers to raw memory; sizeof( struct thingie) * numThingies is the number of bytes to be copied.


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